fatehpur-sikri

FATEHPUR SIKRI

Located in Agra district of Uttar Pradesh, Fatehpur Sikri, meaning, ‘city of victory’ was the first planned city of the Mughals. It was emperor Akbar who commemorated the Buland Darwaza after his victory over Gujarat. Being the first planned city, it had magnificent admirative, residential and religious buildings comprised of palaces, public buildings, mosques among others. The city is bounded on three sides by a wall 6km long fortified by towers and pierced by nine gates, includes a number of impressive edifices of secular and religious nature that exhibit a fusion of prolific and versatile Indo-Islamic styles. One of the gates, is the magnificent ‘Buland Darwaza’ which is a gate to the Jama Masjid, the largest mosque in India, incorporating the tomb of Saikh Salim Chishti, an extraordinary masterpiece of sculpted decoration completed in 1580-81. Fatehpur Sikri, exercised a definite influence on the evolution of Mughal town planning, namely, ‘Shahjahanabad’. The entire city is an example of architectural ensembles of a sophisticated quality constructed between 1571 and 1585. Fatehpur Sikri bears an exceptional testimony to the Mughal civilization at the end of 16th century in India