khajurao

KHAJURAHO

Known for its harmonious balance between architecture and sculpture, representing a group of Hindu and Jain temples in Chhatarpur district of Madhya Pradesh, Khajuraho are well known for their erotic nagara styles sculptures. Built during the Chandella dynasty, currently there are only 20 surviving temples out of the original 85. The Khajuraho Group of Monuments demonstrates in layout and physical form, the pinnacle of temple architectural development in northern India. Built in sandstone, each temple is elevated from its environs by a highly ornate terraced platform, or ‘Jagati’.  On which stands the body, or ‘Jangha’, whose sanctum is topped by a tower, or ‘Shikhara’ of a type unique to Nagara, where verticality of the principal spire atop the sanctum is accentuated by a series of miniature spires flanking it, each symbolizing Mount Kailasa, the abode of the God. All surfaces are profusely carved with anthropomorphic and non-anthropomorphic motifs depicting sacred and secular themes. The sculptures at Khajuraho are world famous, depicting parts of Indian culture lesser known about, like amorous couples, couple in union. Other themes at Khajuraho mirror social life through depiction of domestic scenes, teachers and discipline, dancers and musicians.