Built by the Great King Ashoka, in 3rd century B.C., the present temple dates back from 5th -6th century. It is the earliest Buddhist temple built entirely of bricks that is one of the four holy sites related to the life of Lord Buddha, particularly to the attainment of Enlightenment. Located in the state of Bihar, that border Nepal, the birthplace of Buddha, Mahabodhi temple became a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 2002. Today, the Mahabodhi Temple complex comprises of 50m high grand Temple, the ‘Vajrasana’ (the diamond throne). It was Sir Edwin Arnold, author of ‘The Light of Asia’ (1885) who demanded that the Mahant Ghamandi Giri’s descendent should hand the temple over to Buddhist, who are its legitimate custodians. Mahant Ghanmandi Giri was a saint who occupied the temple in 15th-16th century. The management of Bodhgaya Temple was formally handed over by Mahant Shri Harihar Giri to Dr. Sarvapalli Radhakrinan, the then Vice President of India, on 23rd May 1953. Since then, the committee took charge of the management of the temple. The Mahabodhi Temple site provides exceptional records for the events associated with the life of Buddha and subsequent worship, particularly since Emperor Ashoka built the first temple.